After the government has banned some actions; they tend to become crimes. An area of law whose role is handling he omissions or prohibited acts in the society is called criminal law. Criminal law also plans ones right as an accused individual and the framework for the criminal process.
Having an understanding of what constitutes a crime is something vital. Guilty mind and guilty act are some of the two levels that the law looks at criminal activity. A liable action is an actual crime whereby an individual violates a law that is established by the government. On the other hand, guilty mind usually is associated with the accuseds mental state when he or she is committing the actual crime. So that a person can be termed guilty of a crime, both of their mindset and action must fit the description of the crime.
Furthermore, an individual who is termed to commit crime is normally innocent until proven guilty. For a person to be declared guilty, the court has to be convinced reasonable doubt that the accused committed the crime. Felonies and misdemeanors are the two main categories of crime that are well known.
The punishments in criminal law is also another thing you are required to be aware of. After the court is satisfied beyond any reasonable doubt that you were involved in an illegal activity, it has the right to sentence you. It comes last after a trial which takes many days. For the individuals there is time for prison granted to them for the offenses. For the minor acts of crime, the most common sentence does not go for more than a year in jail. In the law on crime, there is a room for fines. Fines can be used for individuals that are caught in acts of vandalism or shoplifting. The magistrate that is passing the judgment, as well as the provisions of the state, are the factors that influence the fine.
The other part of the criminal law that touches is probation. The punishment of probation is usually applied to people that commit a crime for the first time. It is required that the guilty party obey some directives as read in the judgment. Some of the regulations that an individual is needed to adhere to is meeting a probation officer regularly, carry out drug tests after a certain period of time and appearing in court whenever asked to do that. The accused may also have allow for searches to be carried out without notice as well as make payment of compensation. If they comply they can save themselves from being jailed all together. However, if they do not, they will find themselves in prison. For more info about criminal law and all you need to know about it, click at different sites that have been written by different authors.